SWEDISH UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES (SLU)
PhD studies supported by MEKARN
Evaluation of fibrous feeds for growing pigs in Vietnam
Ninh Thi, Len (2008) Evaluation of fibrous feeds for growing pigs in Vietnam. Doctoral diss. Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management, SLU. Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae vol. 2008:22.
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of fibre level and source in the diet on the digestive physiology, growth performance and carcass traits of different genotypes of pig, and the efficiency of supplementation of an exogenous enzyme mixture to fibrous diets for weaned piglets.
The first experiment showed that the coefficient of total tract apparent digestibility (CTTAD) of nutrients in the diet was negatively affected by fibre level. Irrespective of fibre level, the local growing pigs (Mong Cai (MC)) had the highest CTTAD, followed by F1 (crossbred of Mong Cai and Yorkshire) and Landrace x Yorkshire (LY). Nitrogen retention versus nitrogen intake was negatively affected by fibre level. Nitrogen utilization and retention was highest for LY, lowest for MC and intermediate for F1. In the second experiment, the weight and length of the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) were not different between MC and LY piglets at the age of 10 and 30 days but were higher for MC at 63 days. MC had longer caecum and colon+rectum than LY at 10 and 30 days. At 63 days MC had heavier visceral organs and GIT and longer intestines on fibrous diets than LY. The CTTAD of nutrients was lower for LY than MC, and for fibrous diets than for the control diet. Performance was lower for the sweet potato vine meal diet than other diets. In the third experiment, dry matter (DM) intake (g/kg BW0.75) was not affected by fibre level but was higher for MC than LY. The negative effects of fibre level on performance were seen clearly in the growing period, while effects were small in the finishing period. The MC had the lowest average daily gain (ADG) and highest feed conversion ratio, followed by F1 and LY. Carcass and dressing percentage was highest for LY and for the pigs given low fibre diets. The final experiment showed that the coefficient of ileal apparent digestibility (CIAD) and CTTAD of nutrients in piglets given a high fibre diet was lower than those given a low fibre diet. The CIAD of nutrients and amino acids was similar between MC and LY but CTTAD of nutrients was lower for LY than for MC. Supplementation of an exogenous enzyme mixture to a high fibre diet for piglets improved ADG, CIAD and CTTAD.
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
carcass traits, digestibility, digestive physiology, enzyme supplementation, fibre level, fibre source, growing pigs, growth performance, Landrace x Yorkshire, Mong Cai, piglets, Vietnam
swine, piglets, dietary fibres, feeds, digestibility, growth rate, animal performance, animal feeding, evaluation, viet nam
Series.: Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae
Len, N. T., Lindberg, J. E. and Ogle, B. 2007. Digestibility and nitrogen retention of diets containing different levels of fibre in local (Mong Cai), F1 (Mong Cai x Yorkshire) and exotic (Landrace x Yorkshire) growing pigs in Vietnam. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 91 / 2007, pp. 297-303.
Len, N. T., Hong, T. T. T., Ogle, B. and Lindberg, J. E. 2008. Comparison of total tract digestibility and development of visceral organs and digestive tract of Mong Cai and Yorkshire x Landrace piglets fed diets with different fibre sources. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (In Press).
Len, N. T., Lindberg, J. E. and Ogle, B. 2008. Effect of fiber level in the diet on the performance and carcass traits of Mong Cai, F1 crossbred (Mong Cai x Yorkshire) and Landrace x Yorkshire pigs. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 21 / 2008, pp. 245-251.
Len, N. T., Ngoc, T. B., Ogle, B. and Lindberg, J. E. 2008. Ileal and total tract digestibility in local (Mong Cai) and exotic (Landrace x Yorkshire) piglets fed low and high-fibre diets, with or without enzyme supplementation. (Submitted).
Number of pages: 66
Year of publication: 2008
ID Code: 1746
Deposited By: ninh thi, len
Deposited On: 25 April 2008